Fulford battlefied under threat

July 2015 dig

The Fulford Tapestry

Maps of battle of Fulford 1066

Summary of published report

Visiting the site

Home
July Fulford Dig
Designation evidence
Planning
REPORT ON THE TRIAL TRENCH ADJAC
Planners ignore evidence
Sunrise 20 Sept 1066
Panoramas
The Report on the work at Fulford
Literature
The finds
Locating the battle
Maps of battle of Fulford 1066
Tapestry Project
Photos
Charcoal making
Walking to Waltham Abbey
Books about Fulford
Activities
Links
The evidence
Articles and extracts
Water vole destruction

NEW

Images of flood on the day of the battle

12 panoramas of the battle site

YouTube videos

The Fulford Tapestry

All History Guide: Your guide to history on the Internet..

Finding Fulford cover

Kindle version

" .. this unusual, and yes, excellent history book.." 

"More books like this one introducing historical study in a sympathetic was are needed.."

Now in paperback

... and into its 3rd reprint!

 

Maps

  1. Modern map of Fulford with local footpaths for visiting the site

  2. Getting to the site

  3. OS map of York

  4. The 1851 map of Fulford

  5. Discussion of old maps

  6. John Speeds map

  7. 3D map of the site

  8. The moraines that made the muddy ford

  9. Lidar image shows the modern topography

  10. York in 1066

  11. Yorkshire The Norse routes

  12. England 1066

  13. Alternative sites proposed for the battle

  14. Changes to the battle site

  15. The bigger picture

  16. SSSI & the Ecology that should be protected

  17. The crop marks recorded by English Heritage

  18. Riccall - The Norse routes to the battlesite

  19. Riccall in 1066

  20. 'Riccall Rampage' map

  21. The proposed access route

  22. A graphic battle sequence

 

 

The story that can be revealed by the data within maps needs much interpretation. The literature, landscape and material evidence gathered during the project all allowed a confident picture about the location and the course of the battle to be understood.


The Worcester MS of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle:

" gathered from their earldom as great a force as they could get, and fought with that raiding-army and made a great slaughter." But they were "killed and drowned and driven in flight; and the Norwegians had possession of the place of slaughter."

Snorri's Saga says:

King Harald lay in the Usa (Ouse). King Harald now went on the land, and drew up his men. The one arm of this line stood at the outer edge of the river, the other turned up towards the land along a ditch; and there was also a morass, deep, broad, and full of water. 

The earls let their army proceed slowly down along the ditch, with all their troops in line. The king's banner was next the river, where the line was thickest. It was thinnest at the ditch, where also the weakest of the men were. 

When the earls advanced downwards along the ditch, the arm of the Northmen's line which was at the ditch gave way; and the Englishmen followed, thinking the Northmen would fly. The banner of Earl Morukare advanced then bravely. 

When King Harald saw that the English array had come to the ditch against him, he ordered the charge to be sounded, and urged on his men. He ordered the banner which was called the Land-ravager to be carried before him, and made so severe an assault that all had to give way before it; and there was a great loss among the men of the earls, and they soon broke into flight, some running up the river, some down, and the most leaping into the ditch, which was so filled with dead that the Norsemen could go dry-foot over the fen. 

There Earl Morukare fell. Earl Valthiof, (Edwin) and the people who escaped, fled up to the castle of York; and there the greatest loss of men had been.

  1. The Norse arrival in Yorkshire
  2. The routes of the combatants to Fulford on 20 September 1066
  3. The 1651 map of Fulford
  4. A possible layout of post-conquest Fulford
 

 

Graphic battle sequence

This sequence of 6 small maps goes into more detail on the possible course of the battle.

The local geology- The underlying geology is key to placing the battlefield.

The defensive approach to York from the south was created in the last Ice Ages about 15 thousand years ago.

The proposed access route

Even if this was not a unique historic monument, is it wise to constrict the natural drain for the hinterland extending to the University.

Alternative sites

Some nearby locations have been suggested as the site of the battle.

Changes since 1066

We know of some changes to the site but there are others that might affect the interpretation of the limited evidence.

The bigger picture

Shows the area behind the battle site including the Ings and the retreat to York.

Using the landscape analysis it has been possible to reconstruct the landscape on which the battle was fought. A table-top model has been built.

Understanding the way the land looked in 1066 makes military sense and fits the literature very well. More

 

 

Related sites Facebook  Twitter (@ helpsavefulford)        Visiting Fulford        Map York

There is a site devoted to saving the battlesite: The site has the story of the process that has allowed the site to be designated an access road to a Green Belt, floodplain housing estate.

And another website for the Fulford Tapestry that tells the story of the September 1066: This tells the story embroidered into the panels.

The author of the content is Chas Jones - fulfordthing@gmail.com  last updated June 2015

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